Their answer is: 'No, we do not want to stone you because we want to keep you near us. He came into the region in which the two cities were situated, and one evangelist mentioned one, and the other another. The Lord granted the only request of these residents, which was for Him to leave. As Jesus began to get back into the boat, the delivered demoniac pleaded with Him that he might accompany Him. density matrix. The man, who was naked when he saw Jesus, had the added ability of enduring both freezing and sweltering temperatures as well as pain he inflicted upon himself! The disciples went and woke him, saying, 'Lord, save us! is there such a thing as "right to be heard"? But the rest stopped some twenty feet away. It indicates full and permanent control. He had thought he'd been living in hell already. Satans most useful instrument is the outstanding, outwardly moral and upright religious man, whose good deeds are done independently of God. The pagan religions continued among the Gentile population as is evidenced by the ruins of the temple of Artemis. city in Pal. This fact probably accounts for the presence of a large herd of swine near Gadara when Jesus visited that region to heal the demon-possessed men (Matthew 8:30-33; Mark 5:1-17). The passage in Daniel especially suggests specific geographical boundaries within which spirit beings must abide. The tomb-man felt confusion and grief. Country of the Gerasenes:The town itself is not named in Scripture, and is referred to only in the expression, "country of the Gerasenes" (Mark 5:1 Luke 8:26, 37; see Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Appendix, 11). Then they began to beg Jesus to leave their neighbourhood. Girard notes that, in the demoniac's self-mutilation, he seems to imitate the stoning that the local villagers would likely have attempted to use against him to cast him out of their society, while the villagers themselves show by their reaction to Jesus that they are not primarily concerned with the good of the man possessed by demons: Notice the mimetic character of this behavior. Satans most effective tool is not the demoniac wandering about the desolate places. Also, frequently associated with demon possession was a super-human strength (cf. Contributors: Mark D. Roberts Published by The High Calling, March 11, 2011. But Jesus had other plans. But let us return to the gist of the matter: if Christ showed them His Divinity through the reason given above, is it easy to be in the presence of God? If he was a pagan, why did Jesus cast out his demons? 5. 13; Luke iv. Other textual variations include "Gadarenes" and "Gergesenes". William of Tyre calls the city Jarras, and places it 16 miles East of Jordan (Hist, xii, 16). (1) Severe personality change. Did they cease to exist? Now' as to the pigs (an unclean animal, so you know Jesus wasnt in Israel! I'll follow you anywhere! But about a mile further south there is a fairly steep slope within forty yards from the shore, and about two miles from there cavern tombs are found which appear to have been used for dwellings. William L. Lane, The Gospel According to Mark (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974), p.181. Who would have thought that the Son of God looked so much like other Jewish men? Romans 6 speaks about our identification with Christ in baptism and being dead to sin and alive in Christ. Vote Up [3] This interpretation has been shared by a long line of commentators up to the present day, including I. Howard Marshall and Mark Driscoll. As the servant of Elisha was told, Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them (2 Kings 6:16). Welcome to Biblical Hermeneutics! But I know there are ways I do this all the time. At the side of Kersa the shore is level, and there are no tombs. 18). There probably were not many who had been told yet of the Messiah, and so were not yet believers. There was no such danger in Perea, and thus the mercy of the Lord was to be heralded. The writers were not confused about Palestinian geography. Many ancient tombs are to be seen in the face of the hills. He shivered at the disturbing memory. The NT references ( Mark 5:1; Luke 8:26; cf. The Greek word in Matthew 8:28, however, reveals that Jesus went to the country of the Gadarenes (p. 23). As C. S. Lewis aptly put it: There are two equal and opposite errors into which our race can fall about the devils., Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2022, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 7 March 2023, at 07:06. Did the scribes realize that God gave Jesus the authority in Mark 11:33? Rev. (no date), The Fourfold Gospel (Cincinnati, OH: Standard). But the distance is so short that, even making allowance for the delay by the tempest, the passage could scarcely have occupied the whole night. This reveals to us that demons have an intuitive knowledge of their impending doom.117. Jesus was potently kind. 123 1. Although the Gospels give us little information as to how individuals become targets of Satanic control, I would suggest for your consideration that they sometimes do so by leaving themselves open to Satanic influence. The drowning of the swine was an accident, possibly simultaneous with the healing, and report mixed up the two incidents. By your Spirit, help me to welcome you into my life, all of you. On Girard's account, then, the uneasy truce that the Gaderenes and the demoniac had worked out was that the evil power in him was contained and thereby neutralized. They look forward to their future with great dread. It is clear that Matthew, Mark, and Luke did not contradict each otherin fact, they complemented each other. And now, with the demons gone, nothing he had ever experienced came close to the safety and peace he felt simply being near Jesus. 2ff., xvv. 10). Generic Doubly-Linked-Lists C implementation, Understanding the probability of measurement w.r.t. In recent years the matter has been getting uncomfortably close to home. Yet, on a deeper level, they we afraid of how Jesus might impact their lives. But Jesus was sleeping. He pleaded with Jesus not to be tormented. This would also give time afterwards for the dispersion, not only into the city, but into the country of them who had fed the swine. The forum, with a semicircle of columns still standing, was paved with large cut stones. The time of this event was before Jesus' crucifixion, and before the gentiles were grafted in to the promise (Acts 10). The Greeks were believers in the spirit world, but not necessarily convinced that demons were evil.127 As a result, Marks readers needed to be instructed as to the essential nature of demons and demon possession. Some were already hurrying back toward the city. And all the people in the region of the Gerasenes begged Jesus to go away and leave them alone, for a great wave of fear swept over them. Did they open their hearts to hear the good news of the kingdom of God? In that case, of course, it would be in the early morning that the Gerasenes afterwards resorted to Jesus and that He again returned to Capernaum. 8:28, Mark 5:1-2, Luke 8:26-27. The site is identified today with the town of Kersa, or Gersa, just below Wadi es-Samak. No one was strong enough to subdue him (verses 3,4). Be my helper. Short story about swapping bodies as a job; the person who hires the main character misuses his body, English version of Russian proverb "The hedgehogs got pricked, cried, but continued to eat the cactus". xviii. (it should be added that Plummer himelf does not hold to any of these views.). 127 The view of Greek philosophy was that these were the spirits of those who lived in the Golden Age. The Greek word commonly accepted in Mark 5:1 and Luke 8:26 as the basis for the name of the people who inhabited the place where Jesus and the disciples went is rendered Gerasenes in English (Metzger, 1975, pp. Jesus allows the fleeing evil spirits to enter a herd of pigs which promptly run into the sea and drown. In both the accounts of Mark and Luke, the primary motivation is described as that of fear. Declare how much God has done for you. Jude 6), no longer to afflict men or resist God. It is noteworthy that Jesus nowhere speaks of forgiveness of sins or of purification-sacrifices, that have to be brought after His curing of such cases (as He did in some cases of physical illness). Sometimes to follow Jesus means being sent back to a place where we once knew desolation and indescribable pain. People had tried to tie him down but he was too strong to be bound, even with chains, for he would always break out of them; night and day among the tombs and in the hills he would cry out and cut himself with stones. Youngblood, Ronald F., ed. 1, pp. If they would just listen to what he had to say. Archeology. 125 This is the position of Lane, Mark, p. 187. By His power, we, too, are able to overcome Satans treacheries. Is there an obvious reason why we read of two demoniacs in Matt. iii. Matthew 8:4; Luke 8:56). A small crowd of people was approaching, with the pig herdsmen leading the way. We are not by Matt Slick | Apr 6, 2023 | Bible Studies. 1 They went across the lake to the region of the Gerasenes. By clicking Post Your Answer, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. He was sitting at Jesus feet, fully clothed and perfectly sane (8:35), thus serving as a vivid demonstration of the saving, healing power of Jesus. If total energies differ across different software, how do I decide which software to use? Gerasa itself is probably represented by the ruins of Kurseh on the South side of Wady Semak, just where it opens on the seashore. Or are we saying, in effect, Jesus, go away!? Another reason could be as Dr. R.C. Similar to the storm we see in the book of Job that killed Jobs sons - and Satan was the instigator of that as well. Our children would probably understand best if I said that his appearance must have been somewhat like that of the television creation, The Incredible Hulk. "[15], The story is the origin of the English proverbial adjective Gadarene, meaning "involving or engaged in a headlong or potentially disastrous rush to do something".[16]. Were the writers of the synoptic gospel accounts confused about where Jesus was when He healed the men? The entrance of the term into colloquial speech indicates that the Roman occupation was a heavy burden. Significantly, the demons are called unclean spirits (verse 2,9). Jerash, ancient Gerasa It was significant. Now appreciate the reaction - another God was messing with their god - and demonstrating authority! Here the slopes descend swiftly almost into the sea, and animals, once started on the downward run, could not avoid plunging into the depths. Just imagine, a man in a cinema, having bought popcorn and cola and watching an action movie, with a lot of violence and harsh language in it, and then he sees suddenly that a saintly bishop is sitting just next to his seat, not watching the movie, but reading silently psalms with a countenance radiating a deep contemplation; will not the first man be upset and lose all pleasure of watching the movie? Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. The price tag of possession was high, for those who fell victim to the demons agonized in constant torment. Home for him was not a warm place of sentimental memories. The New Testament speaks of those who had a spirit, or a demon, or demons, or an unclean spirit, or the spirit of an unclean demon, but chiefly of persons who were demonised. Edersheim, Life and Times, I, p. 479. But then also Christ will triumph, and finally put an end to the evil one and all his powers of darkness (Rev. Gergesa [probably a variation of GerasaCC] was a city about 12 miles to the south-east of Gadara, and about 20 miles to the east of the Jordan. But the most strangely wonderful thing of all was his sense of cleanness. Ched Myers, Binding the Strong Man: A Political Reading of Marks Story of Jesus (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1988) p. 192; Richard A. Horsley, Hearing the Whole Story: The Politics of Plot in Marks Gospel (Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox, 2001); Gerd Thiessen, Miracle Stories of the Early Christian Tradition (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1983); Hollenbach, P. W. (1981). Far from this, He had stormed the gates of Hell and prevailed. Since all of these areas overlap, one may take the references as meaning the same place. An excellent account of the ruins is given in Thomson's LB, III, 558.There is nothing above ground of older date than the 2nd and 3rd centuries of our era; but there is no reason to doubt that the Greek city of Gerasa stood on the same site. 3). Before the war it was a Gentile settlement. Such an entreaty can be addressed by them to only God. The man is grateful. In all his tormented years, he had never felt anything like the terror that coursed through him when he saw Jesus get out of the boat. The King James Version in (Matthew 8:28) has the location as "Gergesenes" which corresponds to the modern "Kursi" (Kheras), the most plausible location of the Gospel event. The expression to be with Jesus is used particularly of His disciples (cf. v. 37) describe Jesus healing of the demoniac Legion and the drowning of the swine in the Sea of Galilee (cf. This was a federation of ten cities (deka = ten, polis = city). Did Jesus command the demon before he fell on his knees in Mark 5:6? Gergesa, Gerasa, or Gadara? For the first time in a long time he was in full control of his mind. His animal-like shrieks must have sent chills up the spines of any who were nearby. Their first question is a rather pragmatic one, namely, How can demons possess animals? To this we must confess that we know too little to understand the mechanism of demon possession but the reality is very evident. Like the Samaritans who followed the woman at the well to see this One who had told her all she had done, so these residents came to see for themselves what had happened. And those who had seen it reported to them how the man who was demon-possessed had been made well. QUESTIONS FOR FURTHER REFLECTION: How do you respond to this story in Luke? (2) Pork was a food forbidden to Jews, and as such, those who raised these pigs may have done so knowingly in violation of divine injunction. He recognized most of them. The tomb-man had beaten off much larger men in his demonic rages. As Christians we believe that the Old Testament is constantly foreshadowing Jesus. The crowd's murmuring crescendoed into anxious pleas: "Please leave! In the third chapter of Marks Gospel, our Lords miraculous works were attributed by His opponents to the power of Satan (verse 22). Daily Reflection / Produced by The High Calling, 10 Key Points About Work in the Bible Every Christian Should Know, Beyond Rank and Power: What Philemon Tells Us About Leadership, Learning From the Psalms How to Pray Through Your Work, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Acts 16:16), while others were the virtual pawns of these spirits, losing their own identity and autonomy. If you are able tosupport usthis month we will invest your gift in making the hope of the gospel freely available to others who are wandering in the tombs of despair. It opens our eyes to a world that is largely unknown and frankly unsettling. Gergesa (). xii. The Synoptic Gospels record one episode of Jesus calming a violent storm: "Then [Jesus] got into the boat and his disciples followed him. What is this brick with a round back and a stud on the side used for? And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light (2 Corinthians 11:14). Lane believes the modern Kersa is the most likely place: The point of arrival is indicated in a general way as the district of the Gerasenes, most probably in reference to a town whose name is preserved in the modern Kersa or Koursi. Reland (Pal, II, 806) notes certain extant coins of Gerasa, from which it is clear that in the 2nd century it was a center of the worship of Artemis. Putting all of these factors together the term demon-possessed inplies too much. Mark 9:17-29).
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